The flag of the four Moors

The coat of arms of the four moors appeared for the first time on the lead seals of the Royal Chancellery of Aragon (1281), under the reign of Peter the Great. In the fifteenth century consolidated the legend explaining the four Moors with the intervention of St. George at the battle of Alcoraz in the Northern Spain, won in 1096 by the Aragonese against the invading Moors; the moors left on the battlefield the heads of four sovereigns (the four moors). On the Sardinian documents the first safe attestation of the coat of arms is on the front of the acts of the military arm of the Sardinian Parliament, the "Capitols de Cort Stament militar de Serdenya" printed in London in 1591. The rediscovery of the national identity, much felt in the nineteenth century, made the coat of arms of the four Moors the symbol of Sardinia and report the birth of the symbols to the judicial period (each moor would be deemed as a kingdom or judged).

  

Language

The Sardinian language is a Romance or Latin language; its evolution began during the Roman period, starting in 238 a.c. The language, however, was also influenced by Aragonese, Catalan and Spanish. Contamination was stronger in some places, such as Cagliari and Alghero. Other languages have contaminated the Sardo throughout history, especially the Pisano, the medieval Genoese and the Italian Piedmontese. In the Sardinian language there are two major variants, the central-northern (or logudorese) and the southern one (or campidanese), which are subdivided into sub variants. In fact every country talks its local variant. In 2007 was launched a regional law which introduced officially sa limba sarda comuna, an official form of the Sardinian language.

   

 

Music

The Sardinia is known worldwide for Cantu a Tenore, tenor singing, declared in 2005 Intangible Heritage of Humanity. It is performed by a male soloist, which exposes the text, and three singers that accompany with nonsense syllables. Its origins are remote and uncertain. Some writers claim that he was born during the nuragic period, following the discovery of a bronze depicting a launeddas player, triple barrel tool, that from an harmonic point of view is similar to tenor singing. Hence the assumption that they evolved during the same historical era. Another theory claims that the song imitates the sounds of nature, in particular in each chorus there are: sa contra, which harks back to the bleating of sheep, su bassu, which harks back to the bellow of ox, sa mesu boghes, that harks back to the hiss of the wind, sa bogue that harks back to the human word. The area where the singing is a tradition is the Gennargentu (Barbagia, Goceano, Baronia, Marghine, Logudoro), in other parts of the island has lapsed or never existed. In almost every country of these regions there are different sounds and repertoires. The chants are extremely variable, but you can identify three main melodies: one calm and melancholic (Bogue 'e notte); one to accompany the dances (Bogue 'e ballu); and one to accompany poets (a muttos).

Listen here "Ballu a passu turturin"

source: www.sardegnacultura.it

 

Crafts

The Sardinian handicrafts are objects of life and everyday use. We present a brief example of some of the Sardinian handicraft Arts: wood carving, carpet weaving, pottery, jewellery.

            

 

L'impresa è stata agevolata grazie all’avviso "promuovidea finanziamento nuova impresa" realizzato con il contributo del POR FSE 2007/2013 - Regione Sardegna - Asse II Occupabilità linee di attività e.1.2 ed e.3.1.

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